As a family of farmers who raise chickens but don’t eat chicken, the eggs produced in our coop have an even greater value. We don’t raise birds to grace our farmhouse table although I greatly respect those who do. Instead, we raise birds to produce the fresh eggs that take center stage on our breakfast, lunch, and dinner plates.
So, there we were in November, preparing to enter the holiday season with fresh eggs at hand. Suddenly, we started to notice an abundance of feathers floating around the coop. Every day there were more and more of them. By the time a few days had passed, the run underneath the coop looked like the aftermath of a full-fledged slumber party pillow fight.
Suddenly, the whole family was posing questions regarding molting. Unfortunately, those questions were all headed in my direction. As a chicken keeper who had just plunged unwillingly into our first molting period, I was having difficulty fielding their inquiries. I didn’t know how long the molting would go on. I didn’t know what we could do to help our hens stay healthy and warm during this transition. All I knew for sure was that our steady supply of deliciously fresh eggs had come to an abrupt, screeching halt.
I went straight to the computer to learn all that I could about molting. Luckily, there were several great articles on this very forum about the subject. I learned about the molting process from reading Meredith Chilson’s article. I read on to find that a fellow contributor, Rebecca Nickols, was also experiencing molting in her flock.
I felt comforted to know that I wasn’t alone. At the same time, I felt powerless. What could I possibly do to help our birds emerge from this transition that Mother Nature had so cruelly imposed on them just as the weather turned perpetually cold?
I continued to read all that I could about molting. Finally, I felt prepared when my family looked to me to solve our latest farming challenge. My children worried that the hens wouldn’t be able to stay warm with their compromised feathers. My husband worried that he might never know the culinary pleasure of having fresh eggs for Sunday breakfast again.
I did my best to reassure them that this too would pass. I did my best to believe the words as I heard them coming out of my own mouth. While I now understood the biological necessity of the molting process, I still had my doubts that we would leave it behind without the loss of at least one of our beloved hens. Winter in New England can be bitterly cold and I worried that it would be far from kind to a chicken with little protection in the way of feathers.
So began the daily march of molting season. Out to the coop I went with fresh, warm bowls of oatmeal every morning. I added extra yogurt and kefir to the mix, hoping to supplement the protein content of their morning meal. While I knew better than to expect to find any eggs waiting for me in the nest box, I felt like I was at least helping our hens to keep warm and boost their protein levels every time a steaming bowl of oatmeal was placed in the coop.
It was obvious that molting was taking its toll on them. They looked ragged and their personalities had suffered as much as their plumage. They were reluctant to eat their morning oatmeal, which usually caused a stampede to the feed bowl. They no longer rushed to greet me at the door when I came to check on them.
Sometimes, I found their evening cereal still resting in its bowl the following morning. I knew for certain that they were as unhappy with their molting feathers as we were. It was obvious that the farmers living at 1840 Farm weren’t the only ones eagerly awaiting the regrowth of the last feather to complete this cycle and get back to the business of every day life.
Each day our hens seemed to leave fewer feathers behind in their coop and run. After two weeks had passed, they began to look more like their former selves. We hoped with each small improvement in their feather condition that we were one step closer to reaching the end of molting. When they started to greet me at the coop door and race to gobble up their warm oatmeal I knew that we were within striking distance.
I was puzzled by this behavior. I decided to bring in the big guns. I enlisted the help of my family to run an outdoor heavy duty electrical cord from the barn to the coop by burying it in a length of PVC pipe underground. Then we reinstalled the old assembly for the heat lamp we had used when our hens were young chicks. We connected the cord to a timer and set it to illuminate the coop for seven hours each day from noon to 7:00pm. I installed a 9 watt compact florescent bulb and waited to see if our hens would appreciate the light that this setup would give them.
That evening, I went out to the coop for my nightly visit. Hedwig, our Black Australorp met me at the door. She couldn’t wait for me to come inside and scratch her on the head. I was happy to see that she was enjoying the new lighting. She is by far our most prolific egg layer and if I was only going to make one hen happy, she was the one I was aiming for.
I wasn’t prepared for the rest of the hens to come running to meet me as well. They all gathered at my feet and allowed themselves to get caught up in the excitement that treat time brings. It was the first time in a month that they had reacted that way. I gave them the attention they wanted along with the cereal that makes me such a popular nightly visitor to their coop. I happily bid them goodnight and secured their door.
Three hours later, I went out to the barn for my evening milking shift with our dairy goats. As I passed the coop, I peeked inside wondering what I might find. As I got closer, I noticed that the chain supporting their hanging feeder was moving rapidly. Sure enough, our seven hens were up and active in their new lamp-lit coop. Five of them were gathered around the feeder happily picking through their feed. One was scratching around in the hay on the coop floor.
From the window, I couldn’t locate the seventh hen. I put down my milking supplies and opened the coop door. As I peered inside, the hens looked up from the feeder at me, wondering if I might have more cereal. They returned to the food at hand and the feeder was soon rocking back and forth between them. I scanned the coop. The remaining hen was not to be found on the perch, near the feeder, or at the waterer.
She was in a nest box. She looked at me but refused to greet me. She was busy. She was laying an egg. I was all too happy to smile at her, thank her for her hard work, and close the coop door. As I walked to the barn, I could hear the happy sounds of the coop. Birds scratching the floor’s surface, birds eating, and best of all, a hen doing what hens do best, clucking while laying a fresh egg.
When I returned to the farmhouse, milk in hand, I enjoyed the happy sounds of a chicken-keeping family. I was asked the usual questions regarding the status of our little flock. For the first time in weeks, I could happily report that they were back to being fully feathered and content in their coop. I put everyone on notice that there was a hen hard at work to bring us the first fresh egg we had seen in weeks. Excitement filled the air. Would there be eggs for breakfast?
The next morning I went out to do my morning chores to find a glorious surprise. Seven fresh eggs were waiting for me in one nest box! Each hen had returned to laying. Each hen had made it through the molting process. That morning, each farmer had fresh eggs for breakfast. We were finally back to the business of family farm life. At least until next year.