By Cheryl Long and Tabitha Alterman — Title photograph by Barbara Bourne
Try this easy egg comparison test: The more beneficial carotenoids an egg contains, the darker orange its yolk will be.
Whether you live in the city or country, you can find healthy, delicious, farm-fresh eggs — and even raise a few happy chickens of your own. — Photo by Cindy Singleton
Left to their own devices, chickens prefer to hang out in lush, green pastures rather than cramped, steel cages. — Photo by Bryan Welch
Pick pastured eggs to support local farms, such as Springfield Farm in Maryland, where the eggs have less than half the cholesterol of commercially raised eggs. — Photo by David Smith/Springfield Farm
“Allowed access to the outside” is how the USDA defines “free-range.” This faulty definition means that producers can label their eggs as “free-range” even if all they do is provide little open doors on their giant sheds, whether the birds ever learn to go outside or not, and regardless of what is on the other side of those doors — good pasture, bare dirt or concrete! — Photo of Ise-America; Galena, Maryland provided by Compassion over Killing
The conventional egg industry denies that free-range/pastured eggs are more nutritious than eggs from chickens kept in crowded, indoor conditions. The American Egg Board’s Web site states “True free-range eggs are those produced by hens raised outdoors or that have daily access to the outdoors.”
Baloney! They’re trying to avoid the issue by inaccurately defining “true free-range.” And the USDA isn’t educating consumers with the truth, either: “Allowed access to the outside” is how the USDA defines “free-range.” This faulty definition means that producers can label their eggs as “free-range” even if all they do is provide little open doors on their giant sheds, whether the birds ever learn to go outside or not, and regardless of what is on the other side of those doors — good pasture, bare dirt or concrete!
Both organizations need to be honest. True free-range eggs are eggs from hens that range outdoors on pasture, doing what comes naturally — foraging for green plants and insects.
The Egg Board goes on to state: “The nutrient content of eggs is not affected by whether hens are raised free-range or in floor or cage operations.”
Hogwash! They ignore evidence that clearly confirms that eggs are superior when hens are allowed to eat a natural diet. Is it OK to mislead the public to protect egg producers’ bottom line?
After Mother Earth News magazine published a report in 2005 regarding the high nutrient levels in pastured eggs, the Egg Nutrition Council questioned the “suggestion” that pastured eggs were superior in their Aug. 8, 2005, newsletter:
“Barring special diets or breeds, egg nutrients are most likely similar for egg-laying hens, no matter how they are raised.” There’s that double-speak:
“Barring special diets ...” When are diets not a part of how chickens are raised? When Mother Earth News published the results of a second project in 2007 that reinforced the results of their testing in 2005, the magazine cited six other studies confirming that pastured eggs are better. The Egg Nutrition Council says “most likely” this evidence is incorrect? They should cite some scientific evidence to support their assertions! The U.S. Poultry and Egg Association offers a similar misleading statement on its Web site:
“What are free-range eggs? Free-range eggs are from hens that live outdoors or have access to the outdoors. The nutrient content of eggs from free-range hens is the same as those from hens housed in production facilities with cages.”
It’s surprising what a group can do with a $20 million annual budget. That’s the amount factory-farm egg producers fund to the American Egg Board annually to persuade the public to keep buying commercial eggs, which we now know are substandard.
The Egg Board’s misleading claims about free-range/pastured eggs saturate the Internet, even though the Board has known about the evidence of the nutrient differences since Mother Earth News’ 2005 report. The magazine found basically the same claims denying any difference in nutritional content on Web sites of the American Council on Science and Health (an industry-funded nonprofit), the Georgia Egg Commission, the Iowa Egg Council, the Alberta (Canada) Egg Producers, Cal-Maine Foods, Hormel Foods, and NuCal Foods (“the largest distributor of shell eggs in the Western United States”).
One of the most ridiculous comments was found at www.SupermarketGuru.com, a Web site maintained by a “food trends consultant.” It says:
“FREE RANGE: Probably the most misunderstood of all claims, it’s important to note that hens basically stay near their food, water and nests, and the idea of a happy-go-lucky bird scampering across a field is far from the natural way of life. The claim only means that the hens have access to the outdoors, not that they avail themselves of the opportunity. The hens produce fewer eggs so they are more expensive; higher product costs add to the price of the eggs. The nutrient content is the same as other eggs.”
If you’ve been around chickens, it’s obvious that whoever wrote that hasn’t. Chickens will spend their entire day roaming around a property, scratching and searching for something to eat. Even as tiny chicks, they are curious and will begin eating grass and pecking at insects or even specks on the walls of their brooder box. “Scampering across a field,” looking for something to eat, is precisely their natural way of life.
Supermarket Guru did get one thing correct. Free-range/pastured eggs are apt to be more expensive because production costs are higher. You usually get what you pay for! If you purchase the cheapest supermarket eggs, you are not only missing out on valuable nutrition, you are also supporting commercial production systems that not only treat animals cruelly but also make more sustainable, small-scale egg production difficult.
Raising pastured chickens can be done easily right in your backyard. You can also find pastured eggs at local farmstands or farmers markets, and sometimes at the supermarket. Ask the store manager for eggs from pastured hens, and encourage the manager to get in touch with local producers. To locate pastured producers near you, visit www.EatWild.com or www.LocalHarvest.org.
To learn more about finding healthy, delicious eggs, read "Meet Real Free-Range Eggs" at Mother Earth News.