Monday, June 18, 2012

DIY Chicken Sausage, Part 1: De-boning the Chicken

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by Jennifer Sartell

Grilling season is upon us! And what better way to make use of your outdoor cooking space than homemade sausage! Making chicken sausage is fun and easy, and a great way to utilize home-raised chickens that might be a little on the tough side. In my post Tough Meat, Tough Decisions, Intro to Homemade Chicken Sausage, I talk about how this recipe was created out of need. The need to make good use of a freezer full of old, tough roosters. And while this is a great way to create succulent, juicy sausage from tough old birds, it would also be delicious if made with store-bought meat. So give it a try, it's sure to get your grilling neighbors peeking over the fence.

The first step in creating chicken sausage, is de-boning the chicken. Even when buying store-bought meat, I prefer to purchase whole chickens. It's less expensive per pound because you're not paying for someone else to cut it up for you. I like to cut it up myself, because I have more control over the sections of meat. I also make good use of the bones, skin and organ meat by making homemade stock or fried chicken livers. If you do decide to purchase de-boned chicken, like boneless skinless breasts, I advise adding a package of chicken thighs. I think of sausage as being sort of rustic, and kind of outdoorsy; the dark meat gives the sausage a great, rich flavor and a little extra fat for juiciness.

This technique for de-boning a chicken is nothing fancy, I am by no means a skilled butcher, but it gets the job done. Butchering chicken in this way gets you a large boneless piece of meat which can be useful for many dishes. It can be pounded and rolled for something like Chicken Kiev, or stuffed with a delicious wild rice dressing. But for chicken sausage, don't worry if your meat doesn't come off all in one piece. When making sausage, it doesn't really matter how the meat leaves the bones because it's all going to get ground up anyway.

So let's get started!

Start with safe handling and thawing instructions and a good sharp knife. If you want to freeze the extra sausage you make, it's best to start with a fresh chicken that hasn't been frozen previously. Wash your hands after handling chicken and wash surfaces that have been touched by chicken or chicken juices. Clean your chicken thoroughly inside and out by rinsing it under cold running water. Don't forget the two small pockets of dark matter by the spine. Remove the organ meat and neck from inside the cavity and trim the tail and the extra flaps of skin by the wings. (For more information and photos on cleaning and prepping a whole chicken, read my post The Process After They're Processed, Plus Nitty-Gritty Chicken Chopping Gossip!)

Place the chicken on its back and make a slice at the spine from back to front. (I also cut the wing tips off to get them out of the way.)

Continue cutting down the spine and around the cavity, keeping the knife slightly angled away from the ribs, but as close to the bones as you can get. Carefully use your fingers to pull away the meat as you work down.

There is a delicate "V"-shaped bone toward the rear of the chicken. Be sure to go on the outside of this bone, and slice until you reach the thigh and wing joint.

Repeat on the other side...

... slicing down to the joints.

To remove the wing from the cavity, slice the meat to the joint. Then, take the joint and "pop" it, by bending the wing down toward the cutting board.

You will then be able to slide your knife past the joint, keeping close to the cavity. Repeat for the other wing.

The thigh removal is similar to removing the wing. Cut along the cavity to the thigh joint. "Pop" the joint ...

... and continue cutting through ...

... and around the cavity.

You now have the meat removed from the cavity (cavity shown in the lower right-hand corner of the photo). You could stuff the chicken at this point. Or remove the wings and legs and pound the meat flat for a rolled chicken dish.

Here I cut the chicken in half so we can see the wing, thigh and legs clearly. We also want that dark meat to flavor the sausage.

To remove the meat from the thigh bone, flip the meat over, skin side down, and find the tip of the bone that we removed from the cavity. Pull the bone away from the meat with your fingers. With a bit of assistance from the knife, the meat should slide off fairly easily. When you get to the leg joint, "pop" it and continue slicing.

Remove the leg meat by slicing down the skin ...

... and remove the bone in the same manner as the thigh. Use the knife for any tough spots. Be careful, as there is a delicate bone that runs along the leg.

For sausage, I also remove the skin. I do this by holding the skin up and away from the chicken, almost suspending the meat, and then slicing the thin tissue that connects it. (Leave the fat to help make the sausage juicy.)

You now have the boneless skinless chicken meat, the skin, the organ meat and the wings. (I remove these and add them to my stock reserve, as there isn't much meat on them. But if you want to get every last bit, slice them in the same manner as the leg, and remove the bones.)

Set your meat aside and weigh it. You will need approximately 4 pounds of chicken for our sausage recipe. (I include the organ meat in this weight, because I grind it into the sausage also.) Depending on the size of the chicken, this could be anywhere from 2 to 4 birds. Our roosters had hardly any breast meat, but really large legs. The recipe can be easily halved, doubled, tripled, etc. depending on your needs. But after you taste it, you're going to want more.

For more fun with sausage making, read my other posts:
Tough Meat, Tough Decisions: Intro to Homemade Chicken Sausage
DIY Chicken Sausage, Part 2: Making the Links
DIY Chicken Sausage, Part 3: Smoked to Deliciousness!

Don't Forget, Enter the Coop Story Giveaway!

Do you have a chicken coop? I'd love to feature it in a Community Chickens post! Fill out the 10 question form by clicking here and submit at least 5 photos of your coop to my e-mail address at The photos can include the building process, a visual tour of the different elements, or anything else you'd like to share! If I choose your coop story, you will be featured on the Community Chickens website, and you will receive one of Iron Oak Farm's handmade Oak Leaf Key Chains valued at $23! Feel free to elaborate on any of the questions. I will feature one coop per month. The more information you provide, the better your chances of winning! For more information, read my post A Coop Story Giveaway.


  1. Thank you so much for this. I have bookmarked it. :o)

  2. I'm looking forward to this! My family is getting sick of chicken already and we don't even have our meat birds yet, so something new (like sausage) would be really welcomed!

  3. Oh, I'm so glad you are enjoying the posts! It's really fun and the possibilities are endless. I'm trying a breakfast sausage this week with maple sugar. Can't wait to see how it turns out!


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